Could sea, air and land ports in Latin America and the Caribbean become more efficient and take advantage of new technological tools to compete in global trade? The quick answer is a resounding yes. Only a handful of countries in LAC – Chile, Jamaica, Panama, and Brazil, for example – have, or are implementing, advanced, digitally-connected port systems, in contrast with … [Read more...] about What global ports did to become more efficient
Global Value Chains
In recent decades, productivity levels have been low in the Andean economies (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia). One explanation for this is the limited development of the region’s export sector. International trade accounts for just over 20% of the region’s GDP, far less than Asia, Europe, the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and even … [Read more...] about Exports, the Productivity Engine the Andean Region Needs
You are an efficient producer and want to start exporting. You have the resources and an understanding of potential markets. You also have the installed capacity, the source suppliers and have identified buyers in other countries. However, what is more likely to hurt your competitiveness is moving your goods to the customers. Armies win wars by being better at the logistics … [Read more...] about Latin America struggles with trade logistics. Here’s what we can do.
To casual observers, the Inter-American Development Bank is known for its infrastructure loans or programs to reform government institutions. But the IDB also works actively to help countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) overcome international trade barriers by helping firms buy more from each other and sell more products in foreign markets. In today’s globalized … [Read more...] about Trade globalization and digitalization
Latin America regional integration can be characterized by the co-existence of multiple trade agreements: there are 33 of these in total, their membership is limited in scope, and they generally act as separate silos which lack important interconnections between them. Common sense indicates that while this “spaghetti bowl” of agreements might encourage production linkages … [Read more...] about The Spaghetti Bowl and International Supply Chains