When world trade consisted mostly of final goods or inputs used only in goods for domestic final demand, the relationship between trade agreements and trade flows was relatively simple: sign an agreement with another country and the trade flows between the two nations would most likely increase, end of story. With the emergence of global value chains, however, the story is not … [Read more...] about Why fragmented integration hampers fragmented international production
Latin America regional integration can be characterized by the co-existence of multiple trade agreements: there are 33 of these in total, their membership is limited in scope, and they generally act as separate silos which lack important interconnections between them. Common sense indicates that while this “spaghetti bowl” of agreements might encourage production linkages … [Read more...] about The Spaghetti Bowl and International Supply Chains
In practically every country in the world, the percentage of large companies that export is much higher than the share of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that do so. This is due, among other factors, to the fact that large companies tend to have higher profit margins than SMEs and can thus underwrite the additional costs associated with the export process (e.g., … [Read more...] about Indirect Exports: A Simple Route to Internationalization for SMEs?
The role of transportation and logistical infrastructure in global value chains* Basso is a motor valve manufacturer based in Rafaela, Argentina. The company is part of the international value chains of brands like Toyota, Ford, and Ferrari. To meet their commitments to just-on-time delivery, Basso coordinates product storage, transportation, and inventory down to the tiniest … [Read more...] about Global Value Chains: Logistics… It’s Only Logical
Daterra is a Brazilian coffee producer with a business model that includes a large-scale production with socio-environmental responsibility. Daterra took advantage of the arrival in Brazil of Illy caffè, an international reference in terms of quality, to partner in research, improve the quality of its grain and enter the international production chain of the Italian company. It … [Read more...] about How a Brazilian company conquered an international value chain