Over 30 years ago, the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean embarked on a large-scale experiment to reintegrate into the global economy. After years of stagnation, international trade became the best bet for growth, creating jobs and closing the inequality gap. But in the heat of the political debate, many of the expectations went beyond what the evidence and solid … [Read more...] about After 30 years of trade liberalization, now what?
Global Value Chains
When Esteban Torres and Enrique Santacruz started Fiweex in Asunción, Paraguay, in 2015, they knew that at some point they would have to offer their services in other countries if they wanted the company to grow and be profitable. That’s exactly what happened. The startup, which enables consumers to connect to WiFi in shops, hotels, and restaurants without the need of a … [Read more...] about Born global companies take center stage
Could sea, air and land ports in Latin America and the Caribbean become more efficient and take advantage of new technological tools to compete in global trade? The quick answer is a resounding yes. Only a handful of countries in LAC – Chile, Jamaica, Panama, and Brazil, for example – have, or are implementing, advanced, digitally-connected port systems, in contrast with … [Read more...] about What global ports did to become more efficient
In recent decades, productivity levels have been low in the Andean economies (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia). One explanation for this is the limited development of the region’s export sector. International trade accounts for just over 20% of the region’s GDP, far less than Asia, Europe, the rest of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and even … [Read more...] about Exports, the Productivity Engine the Andean Region Needs
You are an efficient producer and want to start exporting. You have the resources and an understanding of potential markets. You also have the installed capacity, the source suppliers and have identified buyers in other countries. However, what is more likely to hurt your competitiveness is moving your goods to the customers. Armies win wars by being better at the logistics … [Read more...] about Latin America struggles with trade logistics. Here’s what we can do.