The tenuous “gang truce” in El Salvador, in place since March 2012, does not fit into a classic model of peace negotiations between armed groups. Even so, any negotiation involving armed groups to try to reduce or end violence invariably raises questions that apply to most peace processes -- about strategy, tactics, risks, and legal frameworks. In the case of El Salvador, … [Read more...] about Where are the women in the El Salvador gang truce?
The third post in our series on corruption By Matthew Fowler The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (the “FCPA”) makes it a crime for companies subject to U.S. jurisdiction to bribe the government officials of other countries. Enforcement of this law has resulted in enormous sanctions against companies, frequently companies headquartered outside the U.S. The largest FCPA … [Read more...] about U.S. Settlements for Overseas Bribes – Should foreign Bribe Victims Get Any?
By Chris Sabatini The development community has long assumed a relationship between levels of socioeconomic development and security. When we look at the broader concept of social inclusion, that relationship also holds true. Richer countries tend to also be more socially inclusive -- and less violent. But in Latin America, there are some inconsistencies between countries … [Read more...] about Why are more developed countries in Latin America also so violent?
This is the second post on how Scotland used the public health model to curb violence. The first post was published on Nov. 7 By John Carnochan In six years ending 2013, we cut the homicide rate in Scotland by half, and we used the public health model to do it. In the first post I laid out some of the general principles underpinning this model as it relates to crime … [Read more...] about How Scotland beat the knives
By Robson Rodrigues Rio de Janeiro’s Pacification Police Units (UPP) are celebrating their fifth year in 2013. They do so with generally positive approval ratings from the media and society as a whole. A recent study by Instituto Data Favela indicates that 75% of favelas inhabitants approve of the UPPs. Notwithstanding major crises and criticism, the UPP constitute the … [Read more...] about Whither Rio de Janeiro’s Police Pacification Units?