Development that Works
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    This blog highlights effective ideas in the fight against poverty and exclusion, and analyzes the impact of development projects in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • Tag: colombia

    Found 17 posts.

    The 123 Mujer Hotline: Reducing Domestic Violence in Colombia 

    By - 1 de November de 2016, 7:00 am

    By Adria Natalia Armbrister

    Can an emergency hotline service reduce violence against women? Colombia finds that it does: women who use the service are 37 percent less likely to report having suffered physical domestic violence and are 16 percent less likely to report having suffered psychological domestic violence.

    123 mujer hotline

    Image: Gobierno de Medellín

    “On May 21, 2014 at around noon, I called the police because I was being abused by my husband. I had called the police before and they came and calmed down the situation, but things stayed the same after they left.

    The next time it happened, I called 123 Mujer and I finally felt that the situation would be resolved. The police detained my husband and I got psychological counseling by phone.

    They told me that I should press charges and I did. 123 Mujer also provided me transportation to the police station, then picked me up afterward and brought me home.”  Read more…

    Turning trash into light – Liter of light

    By - 8 de March de 2016, 4:20 pm

    By Carmen Fernández-Sánchez

    The simple act of filling recycled plastic bottles with water and chlorine has allowed light to enter millions of previously unlit homes around the globe. What’s more, this innovation has saved low-income families up to 40% on electricity bills.

    Liter of Light

    Moser Light Bulb

    No-one could have told Alfredo Moser, a Brazilian mechanic,  that his invention would spread across the world and be installed hundreds of thousands of homes, while he continued to lead a humble life, living in a modest house and driving a car made in 1974. Read more…

    Once the Colombian conflict ends: Where will the internally displaced population go?

    By - 3 de February de 2015, 6:31 am

    By Ana María Ibáñez**

    Displaced Colombia

    The end of a conflict poses new challenges. Post-conflict is a fragile period: political forces need to accommodate to the new realities, a flow of ex-combatants enter the society, victims become active political actors claiming truth and restitution, and uncertainty is still high, among others. This implies that the risk of the war resuming is ten times higher than before the war started (Hegre et al, 2001).

    The return of internally displaced population (IDP) is among the many challenges in post-conflict periods. The ease of violence allows IDP to settle in permanently and must decide whether to return to their hometown, stay in the host destination or resettle in other region. The return of IDP to their hometown provides some benefits and entails significant challenges. Return increases the chances of IDP recovering their assets and social networks as well as resuming economic activities in a familiar setting. Better knowledge about social norms, markets and informal institutions of their hometowns helps families to connect rapidly to labor markets and economic opportunities. Nonetheless, resuming economic activities may require large investments and institutional support. In addition, the hometowns of IDP usually were amidst intense conflict and destruction, implying markets eroded or disappeared, social dynamics changed and institutions were weakened.

    Few IDP return to their hometown after the conflict ends. Data of the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) estimates only 3.2% of IDP returns. A recent survey for Colombian IDP reveals 20% of them are willing to return to their hometown.

    What drives the return of IDP to their hometown?

    A paper I wrote with María Alejandra Arias and Pablo Querubín examines the correlates of the desire to return of Colombian IDP. We use a household survey that asks displaced households about their preferences to i) return to the municipality of origin; ii) stay in the current reception municipality; or iii) relocate to a new municipality. Since the survey was applied during the most intense period of the Colombian conflict, only 11% of households expressed a desire to return.

    Four conclusions emerge from the findings of the paper. Read more…

    Democratizing public transportation

    By - 16 de December de 2014, 1:06 pm

    By Sergio Deambrosi*

    Despite the great benefits that Cali, Colombia’s new mass transportation system has brought to the city, low useage poses a challengefor its long-term sustainability.

    COLOMBIA - Users prepare to board the recently inaugurated MetroCali. Photo: David Alejandro Rendón-Wikicommons.

    COLOMBIA – Users prepare to board the recently inaugurated MetroCali. Photo: David Alejandro Rendón-Wikicommons.

    Just three years ago Cali, Colombia’s third city by population, had chaotic traffic. Streets and avenues were congested most of the day with a proliferation of buses, which contributed to long travel times, numerous accidents and high pollution.

    In 2006 the IDB gave the city a US $ 200 million loan through the federal government to implement an urban mobility improvement project. Its goal was to set up a modern, efficient and reliable public transport system that would connect the low and middle income population zones with areas  offering employment and social services. Read more…

    8 lessons from giving cash to the poor

    By - 21 de October de 2014, 7:00 pm

    CCT 8 lessons

    18 governments from Latin America and the Caribbean give out regular monthly cash transfers to almost 130 million poor. These transfers which are known as Conditional Cash Transfers or CCTs and which vary greatly in terms of objectives and coverage, try to alleviate poverty in the short term and develop human capital in the long run. These programs typically focus on children’s health and education and, in some cases, maternal health.

    In a recent paper, Rômulo Paes de Sousa (from the Institute of Development Studies), Ferdinando Regalia and Marco Stampini (both economists from the Inter-American Development Bank) analyzed the experience of 6 countries and extracted 8 lessons for countries that have recently started or that are currently considering the introduction of a CCT.

    These are the 8 lessons:

    Read more…