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    This blog highlights effective ideas in the fight against poverty and exclusion, and analyzes the impact of development projects in Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • Deforestation and conflict in Colombia

    24
    Sep
    2014

    By

    conflict

    From the abstract and conclusions of this paper on civil conflict and deforestation in Colombia:

    Despite a growing body of literature on how environmental degradation can fuel civil war, the reverse effect, namely that of conflict on environmental outcomes, is relatively understudied.

    [….]

    We study this relationship in the case of Colombia.

    [….]

    Our results are consistent with the idea that paramilitary militias use the following modus operandi: first, valuable territories are cleared through violent intimidation, which induces forced displacement; second, the vacated land is purchased at very low prices; and third, legal and illegal investments are instituted in those areas. Examples of end products of this process are coca crops, mineral exploitation and oil palm agriculture.

    [….]

    violent conflict in Colombia has been a force that has driven and continues to drive deforestation.

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