Jamaica’s Pilot Program for Climate Resilience Investment Plan will support the aims of the country’s Strategic Program for Climate Resilience to identify vulnerable communities; strengthen institutions for mainstreaming climate change and policy formulation; build capacity for forecasting, planning and managing of climate data; raise awareness of climate change; initiate discussion among stakeholders on adaptation strategies; and provide leadership for developing and implementing climate change actions. The plan was endorsed by the PPCR Sub-committee in October 2011.
The components of the investment plan will be implemented by the IDB and the World Bank for a total of US$25 million as follows:
- Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Local Sectoral and National Plansand implement adaptation strategies in river basin planning and management. (IDB)
- Financing Mechanisms for Sustained Adaptation Initiatives by Private Sector and Community-Based Organizations to institutionalize approaches for financing climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction at the national, regional, and community levels. (IDB)
- Improving Climate Data and Information Management for effective planning and action at local and national levels. (World Bank)
Climate change will produce a wide range of impacts on Jamaica by 2050 stemming from an increase in climate variability and extreme weather events. Among them will be a decrease in the length of the rainy season by 7-8 percent, and a 20 percent increase in the frequency of intense rains, and an increase in the frequency of intense hurricanes. It is estimated that the cost of these weather-related phenomena for Jamaica could be 13.9 percent of GDP by 2025, 27.9 percent of GDP by 2050, 42.3 percent by 2075, and 56.9 percent by 2100.
In addition, a one-meter sea-level rise would impact 8 percent of major tourism resorts, inundate all ports, and damage 20 percent of airport properties.