The UN Member States have agreed on a sustainable development agenda for the next 15 years, “TRANSFORMING OUR WORLD: THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT” and hope to pursue the path paved by the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s). The Secretary General, Ban Ki-Moon qualified the text as “people-centred and planet-sensitive” and looks forward to its submission for adoption during the high-level plenary meeting of the General Assembly to be held from 25 to 27 September 2015, in New York.
Three years after Rio+20 countries have decided to set 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s), which have economic, social and environmental targets. Climate change is the main topic of goal #13, underlining the importance to adaptation measures, climate policy, education, gender and reinforcing the crucial need to attain the resource mobilization goal of $100 billion annually by 2020, set by the Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development.
But the most important achievement is the mainstreaming of climate change stakes among all SDG’s, cities (goal 11) are seen as key to achieve mitigation and adaptation measures as well as water and agriculture are considered crucial sectors to enhance sustainability.
As always many criticisms can be made on the metrics that will accompany the SDG’s, and how the MDB’s are a mitigated success but stating clear goals with specific wording can create better policies and create a new state of mind.
Finally the document also makes reference to the upcoming COP21 in Paris, where we all hope that words will be transformed into action.
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